The Brilliant tale of a Buckler in Africa KBU 744 ?
The History of John Hissey’s Buckler Part I (KBU 744)
I have been asked by my family and members of the Buckler Register to write some notes on the this car. As the events recorded here happened half a century ago and in my 74th year my memory is not what it was, I cannot vouch for total accuracy. On the other hand I have the cups, press cuttings and my letters home from Kenya which together have enabled me to relive those days and put the modern version of “pen to paper”.
After leaving public school in 1947 I served in the Grenadier Guards and Sandhurst and it was there that I became interested in motoring. I should explain that this was soon after World War II and that petrol was still rationed and the idea of getting about the place when and where I wanted instead of being tied to public transport was the attraction. I had passed my motor transport tests and even won the motor cycle despatch riding competition which mostly involved riding over Bagshot Heath in trials like conditions with a heavy army BSA 500cc sidevalver. Thus my first buy was a motor cycle and this was a 350cc “Cammy” Velocette followed by a 1938 model Triumph 500cc Speed Twin. This served me well into civilian life when I started work in the City but a very cold winter caused me to trade it in for an elderly (1935) Austin 7. I joined a motor club and took part in some minor rallies.
After a desk-bound couple of years in insurance, at the end of 1952 I was offered a job at the company’s Nairobi office as underwriter and claims assessor. I was able to buy an Austin A30 with the grand capacity of 800cc to take with me. I joined the local motor club, entering the small saloon car class in hill climbs, speed trials and even races. I often won the under 1100cc saloon car classes. I entered it in the 1954 Safari rally of some 2000 miles throughout East Africa but the rough roads caused a front shock absorber to give up leading to the bending of the lower suspension members causing retirement half way.
Flooding and ruts on Kenya’s main road between Nairobi and Mombasa
Clearly I needed a sports car but it had to have tough suspension and good ground clearance to cope with the local roads. At that time few sports cars were made but they were beyond my pocket and anyway did not fit my specification. I had visited the Buckler works north of Reading and had been impressed. Building my own car would be rather fun and give me something to do. My letters home will tell the tale:-
22 Oct 1953 “I have bought a 1948 Ford 10 which went upside down. All the parts I need are in good order and I have a buyer for the rest. I have the Bucklers booklet and a letter with all my questions answered in a most efficient manner. I am ordering now and am going for the longer Mk VI chassis with all supports and fittings, independent front suspension, radiator, petrol tank, remote gear change, special steering and silencer. It should make the local MGs hop!”
5 Dec 1953 “I have had a letter from Bucklers to say that all is ready for shipment. Total cost £182-9-2.”
30 Jan 1954 “The engine has been reconditioned with an 8hp head fitted (this was the usual trick to increase compression) and the gearbox and rear axle assemblies are ready. I am having to have two new stub axles (£3-15-0 each), two new wheels (ditto each), battery @ £7 & two tyres @ £6 each. I have just got a rise taking my salary to £655 pa.”
12 March 1954 “The Buckler has still not yet arrived. The railways are pretty hopeless here because they are a monopoly. No road haulage is permitted (I think this was because of the roads) so we just have to wait for them to send stuff when they like which is any time up to 6 weeks.”
19 March 1954 “At Mombasa my Buckler has taken a month to get from the dock onto the train and it should be in Nairobi on Tuesday – great excitement. I will have to get it onto its wheels quickly as I am being turned out of my digs but have found others although without cover for car building.”
26 March 1954 “Believe it or not the Buckler has arrived! It got to Nairobi on Friday but I couldn’t get it out of customs until Thursday and even then I had to pay £60 as I had not the correct signed invoices. I have sent for these and should get half back. I borrowed the firm’s pick up van and took it to my digs myself at lunch time. It was a very odd sight. The crate with the bits was built inside the frame. I got a couple of planks off and peered into the interior. It was so well packed that I couldn’t see what was there. In the evening I had to attend a meeting of the East Africa Motor Sports Club about the rally (the Safari – see above) so I didn’t get back till after 6 when I got to work helped by one of our boys (as our African servants were called irrespective of age!). It was dark by the time we got all of it out of the case (we had to use the external “car port” without lighting). There was a very shiny remote control gear lever, a very odd shaped petrol tank, radiator, a strong and efficient looking front suspension unit all painted black complete with spring and hinged on rubber bushes everywhere. There were also bits of body support which are rather a jig saw and I will have fun in the absence of an instruction book. Oh, and there is a very long steering column. The radius arms are a huge V, and you could see straight through the rather flat silencer which had a pipe to fit but I’m not sure how. It is quite undamaged but there is some surface rust due to the long delay. This evening I will try to get it onto its wheels so we can tow it to my new digs but it still has most of the crate inside.”
7 April 1954 “Very busy these days building the Buckler and moving digs. The digs are quite comfortable but there is no cover so I am having to do with a tarpaulin for the Buckler and it is the wet season! In spite of the signed invoices the Customs are refusing to return my £30. I am having some small problems. The steering column is too close to the engine, altering the pedals to fit are a bit of a ‘do’. The radiator fixing will take a bit if ingenuity and the rear shock absorbers won’t reach but all things considered it is beginning to look like a car. The body is going to take a little thought too.”
28 April 1954 “Hooray the Buckler is now on the road but without seat, dynamo, instruments or body. As it is still very wet I won’t take it about much.”
I had two L shaped fittings that I thought must be the special dynamo (with fan) mounting but I could not work out how they went. I wrote to Bucklers who said they were strengthening plates for the stub axle arms which bolted to the brake backplates. The dynamo mounting didn’t arrive until August as it had been sent by sea mail. The stub axle arms were indeed not up to the job on the rough untarmaced roads and I remember returning from an event steering on one wheel only! This only meant turning the steering wheel twice the normal amount and the idle wheel tended to follow the other. This didn’t work in the ruts however and climbing a single track escarpment without a barrier and a drop of many hundreds of feet was quite exciting!
7 May 1954 “All has gone well with the Buckler. I have done about 50 miles on the road but I am still without a body or dynamo so I use the handle for starting to save the battery which then only has to run the ignition. The local agents have fitted the shock absorbers and adjusted the tracking. I have taken a couple of leaves out of the rear spring and it rides very well now.”
18 May 1954 “The Buckler is coming on well and I am trying to save the £100 quoted for a body from my Police Reserve pay.” (The Mau Mau ‘emergency’ was in full flight and with my military background I had volunteered for some night duties).
24 June 1954 “The Brackenhurst hill climb went quite well although I had trouble at the hairpin as there is insufficient left lock but plenty to the right! (later corrected). I did 71.3 secs against the best in my class 7.5 sec faster which is not bad for a start. Driving on gravel without mudguards or even a body is not to be recommended as one gets peppered. The mileage is already 250.”
The car in the “nude” as run at Brackenhurst and on right at the Menengai Hill Climb
7 July 1954 “I did the Menengai hill climb last week end. I took Jack with me and still bodyless we did the 100 tarmac miles to Nakuru on Saturday morning without trouble other than sore bottoms. (I had used the wood from the crate for a temporary floor and we sat on the tarpaulin.) We had lunch at the Stags Head and went off to the hill for practice. It was a most interesting climb about a mile long with several twists and turns & rather narrow. The Buckler boiled a bit when reaching the car park but didn’t seem to overheat on the hill itself. I found that once I had started I could do it in top at about 30mph. I managed 1min 53 secs on my first run which I was quite pleased with. Again as at Brackenhurst I was faster than any saloon car. On Sunday it was the real thing but the course had become rather dusty and rutted and I took a second more on my first run. During a sandwich lunch there was a cloudburst and 2 inches of rain was recorded in 1½ hours so the morning’s runs had to stand. On going back to the car which was completely exposed, I found each plug sitting in its own pool of water on the cylinder head (remember it was a side valve). Many of the other cars were having trouble starting but the Buckler fired first turn on the handle and it was fun watching the water evaporate. The mud had become black and sticky so we helped each other out and slid down the hill one by one very slowly. The prize giving was at the Stags Head and did we laugh? Everyone was covered in mud from head to foot. We started back but got benighted so fixed up torches each side. After the heat of the day we got very cold as we rose to some 8000 feet out of the Rift Valley up the escarpment. I don’t think I have ever suffered from sunburn and frostbite on the same day! I now have 500 miles on the speedo and it shows great reliability yet there is much to be done.”
15 July 1954 “The Buckler body is coming on well. My main difficulties are carburettors and gears. I am thinking of ordering both from the UK for some £35. The carbs are the special aquaplane twin SUs. I have ordered some aluminium mudguards from V.W.Derrington of 159 London Road, Kingston on Thames.”
26 July 1954 “I hope to be going to Eldoret some 200 miles NW with the Buckler to do a bit of racing there on a new circuit next week end. Most of the body is done but I am still without fan, dynamo, lights, handbrake or mudgards. The body looks very nice.”
10 Aug 1954 “Eldoret races were great fun. I took Dicky Edwards with me as he wanted a lift. We got as far as Niavasha but then boiled. On to Nakuru we pressed as the skies darkened and soon we were engulfed in a tropical downpour. As we neared the equator it actually hailed and being without a windscreen we simply had to stop as it was too painful. Up went our tarpaulin over the car and we sat on the bare wet boards and roared with laughter at our ridiculous predicament! The hail came down even harder and actually hurt us through the tarpaulin. We clung on for an hour and then gave up as the roads were then just mud so we returned to Nakuru soaked as we had no hope of getting another 100 miles before dark. We were revived with hot tea and baths at the Stags Head followed by an excellent dinner and much further liquid refreshment. We restarted at the crack of dawn. The weather had cleared but it was very cold and hard going through the mud and we boiled again on a steep hill. I went straight into practice on the oval grass circuit with a chicane halfway down one straight. I overheated again but equalled the time of the fastest sports car in my class. Being without mudguards or lights I was however put in the unlimited racing car class in spite of being a two seater. Still I won my heat as the others didn’t seem to be able to cope on the slippery wet grass that soon turned to mud. Indeed I might have won the final but had to accept second as the race was stopped in the 7th lap out of 10 as heavy rain had started again.”
The car as run at Eldoret in the mud and the broken half-shaft at Menengai II.
14 Sept 1954 “We have at last traced the boiling problem to the incorrect pressure cap on the radiator for 6000 feet elevation with the result that we blow out water. I thought it was the absence of a fan but when it was fitted with all the electrics, it made no difference. We were not actually overheating as water boils at a lower temperature at these altitudes.”
4 Oct 1954 “The Buckler’s carburettors and mudguards have arrived. Having fitted the former I can now reach 75mph on standard gear ratios, not bad for an 1172 sidevalver! Standing start to 50 is about 13 secs. The mudguards and headlamps go on this week and the double valve springs next week then all is set for the Nakuru races on the 17th. I gather it is a grass circuit of exactly a mile. I am down for the under 1500cc sports car race of 10 laps and the 20 lap all comers handicap.”
14 Oct 1954 “Nakuru motor races are this Sunday with a dance on Saturday night. The Buckler looks grand with headlights and mudguards and is now a proper sports car. It will be an exciting struggle as I am up against Monty Bank’s 1089cc OHV Singer Special (built in the police motor workshops), David Markham’s and Bob Barret’s 1089cc OHV Skoda Specials built by the local agents and Vic Preston in the Anglia Special (same engine as me) built by the local Ford agents. My target is third place which will get me on the stand.”
18 Oct 1954 “Well I can’t get over my excitement over yesterday’s Nakuru Motor races. During practice the clutch gave out but due to the ease of assembly, I and some volunteers changed it in a couple of hours at the local garage who kept open for us. I tested the car up and down the Nakuru main road to the cheers of the locals with the police looking the other way. We were so quick I had time for a bath and a drink before the dinner dance! My slow practice put me half way down the grid but I was next to John Manussis, the Kenya motor racing champion and Safari winner, and behind an MG. I made short work of both of them at the start then took a Riley 1500 on the first lap. Quite soon I was up to the Anglia which I held on the straight and simply drove by on the main bend due to my good roadholding. I was now up to 3rd. I could see Monty in the lead with one of the Skodas close to him which then began to fall back so I passed him at the halfway mark. I now had the bit between my teeth and the car was going beautifully and I closed on the Singer quite easily. The dust was getting thick and it was difficult to see when I got close. I was faster through the chicane but there was no room to get past. He was actually holding me up on this twisty bit then pulling away on the straight. I decided to hold back at the chicane, go faster through it and see if I could get him on the main bend too but the race ended before I was able to try this ploy. Well I got an unexpected Second and when we first three came into the paddock everyone was very excited and cheering and we could hardly get through. No other car has ever been able to challenge Monty. He says it weighs only 9cwt with some 70bhp. I am about 10cwt and only some 40bhp. My roadholding did the trick. I could place the car exactly where I wanted.”
the other side of the circuit
Monty with a Skoda close. I am coming up (on the Entering the chicane but there was no room to pass, right in the background)
Cont.”The stewards decided to run the Open Handicap in two heats of 10 laps with a 10 lap final. Monty and I were in the first heat and we had two cars started 50 seconds ahead of me with Monty 5 secs behind. I only had to make 3rd place to qualify for the final so I let him through and followed at a convenient distance. We took the all the slower cars bar one before the end so I got my 3rd. We were six cars in the final including a Cooper 500 which blew up so we were 5. Monty was handicapped out and in the dust I couldn’t see to get close to the works Anglia which had started ahead. One surprise was an A90 engined Austin Special (2600cc ?) which got close but couldn’t catch me so I took another unexpected 2nd! Thus I had to go to the stand twice to collect my cups which were presented by Kay Don of Brooklands fame. What a weekend!”
I collect a cup from Kay Don The Buckler, me and my cups
8 Dec 1954 “I am competing in my last motoring event in East Africa at Menengai on Sunday. The Buckler is handed to the railway on Monday for sending home.”
I broke a half shaft after my first run at Menengai and got home in time for Christmas and the Buckler followed.
Click here to see Part Two
The History of J Hissey’s Buckler Part II (CJK 132)
The Buckler took some time to arrive and in the meantime I co-drove the 1955 RAC rally with a Kenya friend who was on leave and had just taken delivery of a new MG saloon. We fought through thick snow all night in Wales and found the last two checkpoints deserted and it would seem that even the marshals had failed to get to their posts! We arrived at the final point very late having completed the full course only to be told the whole stage had been cancelled. Being an early starter (No.20), we were one of the very few cars that had got right through and had a road book with all the stamps to prove it. The later starters didn’t even have to try as the stage by then had been dropped so they spent the night in the comfort of a warm hotel and we were allowed no credit for our efforts. To add insult to injury we were informed that we were too late to continue and would be retired. We were not impressed with the organisation of this, the main British rally.
It was March before the Buckler arrived at Gravesend Docks and once more I had to pay import duty! It was quite undamaged although a bit dusty but the battery was flat. My father had given me a lift and we had to use jump leads and it was not easy to fix them to half father’s battery to get 6 volts. I drove it home to Eastbourne without trouble but there was much to be done to make it suitable for home use. I fitted a windscreen, electric wipers and even a hood. This last gave some amusement, especially with female passengers, as being no door on the driver’s side, they had to open the side-screen then climb out. Once on arrival at the Dorchester in Park Lane for a grand dance, we joined the queue of posh cars and the doorman was baffled by the absence of a door to open was astonished to see my future wife in full evening attire exit through what appeared to be the window! On my side I had a door of half height opening downwards so I could get my knee out from under the steering wheel. We no longer had to worry about rough roads but we did need better lights so I went over to the much superior sealed beam units which gave us a great advantage in night rallies. Later we added map reading lights and were perhaps one of the first cars to have windscreen washers (milk bottle, cork, rubber pipe and a spring plunger from a useless plant watering device that someone gave my mother for Christmas). Also novel at the time was a belt for the navigator to keep him in his seat in view of the G forces that the car enabled me to use.
For the next couple of years I ran the car in road tests, races at Goodwood and rallies. Without my letters home I have only my memory, my trophies and some press cuttings to go by. Below are some pictures of the test part of the BARC (British Automobile Racing Club) Eastbourne Rallies which were mostly driven on the sea front. The three speed box was a great advantage when a speedy reverse was wanted such as the usual reverse into a box and out again. The trick was to lock the rear brakes before stopping, simply push the gear lever straight forward, rev up and let out the clutch. The car hardly halted and was out of the box again like a jack rabbit! The four speed cars had their reverses via some form of gate that was not nearly so fast to operate. Thus I had many class wins and always finished well up. The BARC was always rather an up market club and so were the trophies which were rather grand for these rallies which did seem a bit tame after Kenya.
The photo says “Shepherd’s hill—– and Felbridge. The radiator blanking plate indicates winter
Eastbourne 1st June 1957 – my last drive A reversing test up the Downs at Willingdon
The BARC also held “Concourse d’Elegance” at the Eastbourne Winter Gardens. This was a Ball where halfway through each car entered, would process across the dance floor, stop in front of the judges, the passenger (normally female) would alight with delicacy and return and the car would glide off. Of course much spit and polish was required and there were stories of cars being re-sprayed for the occasion and arriving on trailers and expensive ball gowns ordered from some exclusive London fashion house to match. Whilst I enjoyed the odd Rolls and a vintage Bentley or two, I did find the appearance of all the new showroom cars went on for rather a long time. One year we thought we would enter the Buckler but, being more utilitarian than elegant, it would be as rallied or, even better, just after having been rallied. We were going to cover it in mud and us the same in our usual flying suits, crash hats and goggles with our latest cup won prominently displayed. Of course we would have our dinner jackets on underneath to join in the festivities thereafter. At least we thought it would be something different and liven up the show but the Buckler was getting known and someone got wind of the plan and we were warned off as “not being within the spirit of the event”. Some people have no sense of humour!
The BARC also held “Members Meetings” at Goodwood. These were 5 lap events for each class followed by further 5 lap races for those making similar times in the first events. Off came anything heavy and the windscreen was replaced by a perspex windshield that I made myself, heating a flat sheet of it in a giant saucepan on our kitchen stove to bend into the right shape.
At Magwick showing my good ground clearance Not much body roll in spite of the sharp chicane
By this time Colin Chapman was building his aerodynamic Coventry Climax engined sports racing Lotus cars which were in my class and often arrived on trailers. I and other 1172cc sidevalvers, together with the sprinkling of MGs and similar proper sports cars, would see them disappear at the start and we would be lucky not to get overtaken before finishing our 4th lap! Still it was fun and from the various numbers on the Buckler it seems that I took part in three of these events. I think carrying number 89 must have been my first effort as there is no support across the front of the radiator that I later found necessary to improve the headlamp and mudguard mountings.
In my second effort I carried number 53 and I am seen at the start wearing a borrowed, overlarge crash hat as I had left mine behind. I gather the other photo shows me leading another Buckler of later make. ( 1955 Buckler 90 driven by the late Derek Godfrey Reg. JPN 295 wearing the number 55. Ed. )
With number 23 I did my last Goodwood race on 17th March 1956. The photo shows that I was using a “four wheel drift” through Magwick as there is simply not sufficient opposite lock to account for the angle. Normally such things were only available to such as Farina or Fangio in their grand prix Alfas which had the power. Mine I regret was no power slide, it was simply that the tyres had very little grip so slipped at quite moderate speeds on the smooth surface but the excellent roadholding made it easy to control.
Full bore at Goodwood in a “four wheel drift”. Note the radiator plate for the heater take off
The History of J Hissey’s Buckler Part III (CJK 132)
The second set of races were often more fun as one found oneself dicing with some unusual bedfellows. I remember once such battle I had with a Mk.VII Jaguar which was a large 3.8 litre saloon. He would rush away down the straights reaching perhaps 100+ mph to my, perhaps 80, only to loose the lot at Woodcote corner where I would always take him before the chicane as he wallowed all over the place. He would soon come by again and so it continued.
I have a letter from my great friend, Arthur Toplis, who navigated for me in all the major rallies. He was at Goodwood for the races of March 1956. He did some timings for me in one race which were as follows:-
Lap Time Speed
2 2 14.1 64.43
3 2 14.5 64.24
4 2 13.7 64.62
5 2 13.7 64.62
Clearly I must have been on my own with nobody to get in the way or to slipstream down the straights but even then the times show remarkable consistency. The highest speedometer reading was a shade over 80 which may of course not have been accurate but could not be too far out in view of the lap times. My body was about as aerodynamic as a brick so was not really suitable for racing.
Although it was quite fun, it got a little boring as it was clear that to get anywhere near the front I would have to find the money for a Lotus or similar car which would not be of use for anything else. No amount of driving skill would get any sensible road car to do more than four laps to their five. My car was for rallies.
The London Motor Club laid on a very good annual rally each September which Arthur and I first entered in 1955 and its fame must have spread as it attracted no less than 375 entries. The part that mattered were the Welsh timed sections which were done in three loops at night and each third of competitors did the loops in a different order so there was no crowding even when starting at a minute intervals. Furthermore paper 1inch Ordinance Survey maps were issued at the start with each checkpoint clearly marked (I still have them) so there was ample time to work out the route. At some checkpoints the road book was simply stamped at others the time was noted. Each minute down on time was a point lost and could not be made up. The three loops were roughly 70 miles each with an average speed set at 30mph throughout. This doesn’t sound much but at several places there were tiny wiggly lanes with time checks at each end only 3 miles apart and several road junctions in between to chose from. We were 1 hour 59 minutes down, mostly through getting lost, over the 210 miles and made 56th place and came well up in our class whilst the winner lost 33 minutes. The next morning whilst the organisers were working out the results we were sent over an easy mountain stage with magnificent scenery as you can see from the photos. We did it again in 1956 and made 20th overall out of 283 and winning our class by a huge margin.
The morning after. The road is more to the Buckler’s liking and the views were magnificent
Map reading was very difficult in the tangle of small lanes and we frequently met cars coming the other way and once found ourselves in a field full of other cars trying to find a way out. The unfenced road went through it but there were so many tracks that it was not clear which led to the exit. On another occasion both Arthur and I clearly saw a steam train throwing out sparks and towing a couple of well lit carriages yet the map did not show a railway for many miles around and we were not lost!
The London Rally in the Welsh mountains The Rally of the Dams October 1955
Other rallies we did we the Sheffield & Hallamshire Motor Club’s Rally of the Dams which was also fun and the Birmingham Post Rally in April 1956. Both were well run and enjoyable and I expect we must have won something as I have a number of cups with no markings. It was on one of these events that Arthur said “straight on at the crossroads” and I was arriving fast at what appeared to be a T junction although there appeared to be a track ahead but through a small gate. It was too late to do anything about braking hard on the wet road so I shot through the gate down the track which was muddy and bumpy causing the car to leap into the air. The crossroads turned out to be slightly staggered and we had chosen a muddy footpath! On reversing we found the gap too narrow for the car. We only got out by taking the gate off it’s hinges. We had no idea how we managed to get through it unscathed in the first place!
More photos from the Rally of the Dams 1955 Note the hood going up when it gets wet!
The Birmingham Post Rally April 1956 The start of the Cat’s Eyes February 1956
Another excellent rally was the Cat’s Eyes run by the Thames Estuary Auto Club which, as it was round the very minor roads of Kent or Essex, Arthur commented that it was both local and good. It was nearly always icy, foggy or both and we discovered that these counties contained many narrow lanes almost equalling Wales. It was on this rally that Arthur warned me of a T junction ahead as I breasted a crest only to find the road suddenly plunged down sharply and on the ice and snow I had no method of stopping before the hedge that appeared across our way in my headlights. I put the Buckler sideways and it just fitted, but then I couldn’t see what we were trying to miss! After a bit of sliding I flicked it straight again to see the hedge closer but our speed was less. I twisted the car the other way and wished I had lights looking sideways, and when we straightened up again the hedge was almost upon us and as we turned we slid gently into it with our wheels bouncing off the bank. A shower of snow came in through the side screen all over Arthur’s map which drew the comment “You’ll have to do better than that. We are two minutes down”.
Side-screens up as it begins to snow Halfway round the Cat’s Eyes Feb 1956
It will be seen from these photos that the top half of the radiator was blanked off as, having no thermostat, the engine could be overcooled in winter. We made a heater by leading a tube from the radiator to our feet with a fan at the end. Hooded, side-screened and wearing flying suits we did keep quite warm with the engine in front but the added hot blow did help.
London Rally start 1956 and at a checkpoint (ready for the “Concours”!)
By 1957 it was becoming clear that although the Buckler did very well in it’s time, that time was passing and sidevalvers just did not have the power and three speeds were not enough. I suppose I ought to add that having become engaged in the summer, the opinion of the lady in question as to the comfort provided was perhaps of considerable moment! Besides I had been made a good offer for the Buckler. I regret to say the new owner pranged the car within a few weeks and the last I heard of it was the next owner who bought the bits and wanted to know how they went together again!
Cups won driving the Buckler. The Turner starting the 1957 London Rally
I must still have had the building bug as my next car was a Turner based on the BMC 950 OHV engine & four speed gearbox with the parts, including plastic body, supplied and all that was needed was to paint the finished article in the colour of ones choice, or that is what was said. In many ways it was more difficult than the Buckler as not all fitted and there was limited freedom to use ones own ideas. Arthur and I did two more London rallies in it and although we finished well, it was clearly not suited to the conditions if only because of the care needed not to damage the all enveloping body. An office car came with my new job at Maidstone so my wife used the Turner as her personal transport for a couple of years and, when the family began to arrive, I passed it on to my sister and it gave her good service for a long time.
I am now down to a caravan towing 2 litre Rover diesel and spend most of my time on motorways. I hardly ever lift the bonnet nor do I know what half the bits inside do anyway. I often think of the fun I had of building my own car, of how it coped with some of the worst roads to be found anywhere and how well it did in competitions abroad and at home. The Buckler was a tough car with excellent reliability and roadholding to match the best about at the time. It was a credit to the designer and perhaps a bit to the builder too!